Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Case Predicting Performance

The pressure of the SAT exam is very great, and many students suffer from test anxiety. The results, therefore, may not truly reflect what a student knows. There is evidence that coaching improves scores by between 40 and 1 50 points. Test scores, therefore, may adversely affect the chances of acceptance for students who cannot afford the $600 or $700 to take test-coaching courses. Are Stats valid, or do they discriminate against minorities, the poor, and those who have had limited access to cultural growth experiences?Alternatives: 1- Keep student selection criteria and its weights as it is for now â€Å"including SAT at 0%† 2- Increase SAT weight 3- Decrease SAT weight to 20% and add to the criteria intelligent test with weight of Alternatives Evaluation: 1 . Keep student selection criteria and its weights as it is for now â€Å"including SAT at 40%† Positives; l. It will give Alex more time to do further study and benchmark with similar colleges. Ii. Alex will gain m ore practical experience to be able to judge fairly on SAT score iii. People who design the SAT† lb. Stats tap intelligence and employers want intelligent job applicants Negative; I.Alex concerns about SAT score will remain 2. Increase SAT weight Positives; I. SAT score are valid predictors of how well a person will do in college. â€Å"According to people who design the SAT† IL. Stats tap intelligence and employers want intelligent I. Alex concerns about SAT score will increase 3. Decrease SAT weight to 20% and add to the criteria intelligent test with weight of I. SAT will remain part of the selection criteria it. Intelligent test is used by multimillion companies to choose their future employees so by using it in the student selection criteria it will improve the college graduates in finding their Jobs.Negative; I. What if a student â€Å"poor† excels in intelligent test but didn't do so well in SAT score? It will remain a dilemma to accept him in Ale's highly selective college. Recommendation:- First alternative is for me is the best†¦ Although it's scores less than second alternative in the evaluation yet it will allow Alex to have enough time to gain more practical experience and benchmark with other similar organization to improve her decision making process. Also in the second alternative Alex concerns about SAT score will not be eliminated or solved! Prepared by: Amman Taft

Monday, January 6, 2020

The Devil And Miss Prym - 1713 Words

Our daily life is full of decisions. Decisions of right or wrong, good or evil, discovering who we want to be down at our core protagonist or antagonist. In Coelho’s novel The Devil and Miss Prym, Chantal must make these decisions. When a stranger strolls into her small village of Viscos, Chantal’s inner Devil is prompted. The stranger is testing human nature and uses Chantal as his main pawn. He shows her a bar of gold buried in the woods that she could steal at any time during his week stay, and he shows her another ten bars of gold that the village could have if they chose to commit a murder. Chantal was an adult having to choose how to address the stranger’s proposition, but Bruno in The Boy in the Striped Pajamas (a motion picture) also has to battle his inner devil. In the movie Bruno is an eight year old boy living in Germany during World War II. Bruno does not understand the war, or the promotion his father has been given by Hitler. His inner good verse e vil is trying to dissect all that he is learning from his new home next to the ‘farm’ where the workers wear striped pajamas all day. Both stories deal with their inner good and evil, but both stories also have the same conflict, the same development of personality, and both relate to Plato’s allegory of the Cave. Webster defines conflict as a struggle for power. In both The Devil and Miss Prym and The Boy in the Striped Pajamas the two main types of conflict used are Person Vs Person and Person Vs Self. Chantal,Show MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Devil And Miss Prym 1104 Words   |  5 Pagesseveral ages. Some refer the two extremes as, right or wrong and others may reference it using â€Å"angel or devil†. If one were to view the two sides on a spectrum scale, many would envision themselves somewhere in the middle, or leaning heavily towards one side. Representations on how humans battle the two extremes can be closely observed in the film, Sophie’s Choice and the book, The Devil and Miss Prym; the two sides are explored through heart questioning decisions and journeys of self-discovery. TogetherRead MoreDevil And Miss Prym Character Analysis832 Words   |  4 PagesComparison of the Devil and Miss Prym and District 9 The Devil and Miss Prym, by Paulo Coelho, and the science-fiction film District 9, produced by Sony Picture Entertainment, both show many similarities when being compared to one another. In each of these, there are multiple similarities with the characters, as well as contrasts, including the society and philosophies. Person versus fate and person versus society are just a couple of examples of conflict that happened in The Devil and Miss Prym and DistrictRead MoreThe Devil And Miss Prym By Paulo Coelho1826 Words   |  8 PagesThe Devil and Miss Prym Comparison The Devil and Miss Prym, by Paulo Coelho, is a novel about the decisions one is to make between good and evil, depicting the blurry line that is sometimes separating the two. The Giver, by Lois Lowry, portrays a similar conflict when a community is subject to the decision made by the generation before them, implementing sameness. This was meant to shelter them from any feelings, decisions, and even color. The choice made by the towns newest Receiver is a difficultRead MoreComparing The Devil And Miss Prym And The Hobbit Essay1183 Words   |  5 PagesA Comparison of Two Novels Within The Devil and Miss Prym and The Hobbit, there are two stories that tell of a battle between the forces of good and the forces of evil. In The Devil and Miss Prym, the conflict lies within the main character, Chantal, as she battles with temptation and her own evil desires. The Hobbit tells of a tale about a hobbit from the Shire who sets out on a journey with a group of dwarves to help them recover their stolen treasure from a dragon by the name of Smaug. EachRead MoreThe Devil And Miss Prym By Paulo Coelho1408 Words   |  6 Pagesover us. In all of these origins rises the concept of why good and evil exists. In the book The Devil and Miss Prym, Paulo Coelho uses a mysterious character, referenced as â€Å"the stranger†, who enters the town of Viscos to desperately answer if humans are initially good or evil. So the stranger sets up an experiment where he would bury 11 pieces of gold. The stranger then runs into a woman, Chantal Prym, on his way back from the woods. He offers her a deal, She can either take the once piece of goldRead MoreThe Devil And Miss Prym And The Movie Seven Pounds1259 Words   |  6 PagesThe idea of creation is perfection, it is good; simultaneously, manifestation of creation in the physical realm is flawed, it is evil. The novel The Devil and Miss Prym and the movie Seven Pounds share a common tale of tragedy, human suffering, and a quest to discover the true nature of humankind. Both ultimately decide upon whether their subjects are deemed â€Å"worthy† of a life-changing gift and ideally demonstrate the reality of human nature. A side of humanity which is rotten, despicable, and suppressedRead MoreAnalysis OfThe Devil And Miss Prym And The Lottery1027 Words   |  5 Pages The question of whether humans are naturally good or evil has been asked since the existence of humans. The Devil and Miss Prym by Paulo Coelho and â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson are stories that talk about the sacrifice of one person in a village and how other villagers play a part in it. In The Devil and Miss Prym, barmaid Chantal Prym meets â€Å"stranger† Carlos when he visits the village looking for answers. In â€Å"The Lottery†, the villagers have an annual drawing to get rid of one of their ownRead MoreThe Devil And Miss Prym And The Movie Seven Pounds828 Words   |  4 PagesThe idea of creation is perfection, it is good. The manifestation of creation in the physical realm is flawed, it is evil. The novel The Devil and Miss Prym and the movie Seven Pounds share a common tale of tragedy, human suffering, and a quest to discover the true nature of humankind. Both ultimately decide upon whether their subjects are deemed â€Å"worthy† of a life-changing gift. These two tales ideally demonstrate the reality of human nature. A side of humanity which is rotten, despicable, and suppressedRead MoreSummary Of The Devil And Miss Prym And Shirley Jacksons The Lottery1182 Words    |  5 Pageswriter of The Devil and Miss Prym and Shirley Jackson, writer of â€Å"The Lottery†, both reiterate the idea that a democratic government can be very dangerous if wrong propositions are voted upon by a public. Likewise in both stories, wrong decisions are made by society, and bring conflict and chaos to a village. People are put in a life or death scenario, and little or nothing could be done because society chose to believe that doing wrong was justified morally. In The Devil and Miss Prym, a youngRead MoreThe Devil And Miss Prym By Paulo Coehlo And The Short Story The Lottery1426 Words   |  6 Pagesthe practice of binary labeling becomes a habit. In the novel The Devil and Miss Prym by Paulo Coehlo and the short story The Lottery by Shirley Jackson, the villagers must choose between what they perceive as good and what is not. The issue presented in both pieces of literature is whether the good of the many is worth the sacrifice of one individual, bringing to light the question of what really is â€Å"good†. The Devil and Miss Prym is a novel that takes place in the small, remote village of Viscos

Sunday, December 29, 2019

Study On The Average Number Of Employees Index Finance Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1374 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? The goal of this article is to study the direction and the intensity of the relationship between the Average Number of Employees Index and the Gross Domestic Product Index. The study is done by analyzing quarterly data from 2007 until 2009 from Romania and by applying statistical and econometrical methods: the graphical method, the regression function, the correlation ratio, the determinant coefficient and the dispersion analysis. The Trimester Evolution of the Average Number of Employees and the Gross Domestic Product Indexes between 2007 and 2009 The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the main measurement indicator of the macroeconomic results of a country and the main economic result aggregate in the National Account System. It expresses the gross value of the final goods and services produced within a certain time period by the home and foreign economic agents within the country. It can be computed by two different methods that lead to the same result, with some statistical differences based on the usage of different sources of data. The production method (the value added method) is based on the aggregation of the final product and goods flows obtained by the economic agents. The final usage method (the expense method) starts from adding the elements in which the final economic assets are used (goods and services) evaluated at the market prices, less the value of the imported goods. Table no. 1 GDP Indexes between 2007 and 2009 (% of the corresponding period from the previous year) Year Trimester I Trimester II Trimester III Trimester IV 2007 106.1 106.0 105.9 106.8 2008 108.5 109.6 109.4 103.1 2009 93.8 91.3 92.9 93.5 Source: Monthly Statistical Bulletin no 1/2010, no. 5/2010 Fig. no. 1 The GDP Indexes Evolution between 2007 and 2009 By analyzing figure no.1 a linear growth trend is observed for the GDP indexes between the first trimester of 2007 and the second trimester of 2008, when it reaches a maximum of 109.6%. This is followed by a drop until the second trimester of 2009 when a minimum value of 91.3% is registered, and a growth trend until the fourth trimester of 2009. Table no.2 Average number of employees between 2006 and 2009 (thousands of persons) Year Trimester I Trimester II Trimester III Trimester IV 2006 4567.9 4602 4613.7 4593.4 2007 4675.1 4730.5 4746.3 4731 2008 4781.4 4825.5 4832.2 4785 2009 4764.9 4656.3 4540.3 4416.7 Source: Monthl y Statistical Bulletin no 1/2007, 1/2008, 1/2009, 1/2010 The data from table no.2 was used to compute the average number of employees indexes with a chain base as compared to the same period from the previous year. The information obtained is presented in the below table. Table no.3 The average number of employees indexes between 2007and 2009 (%) Year Trimester I Trimester II Trimester III Trimester IV 2007 102.3 102.8 102.9 103 2008 102.3 102 101.8 101.1 2009 99.7 96.5 94 92.3 From the below figure, a growth trend can be seen for the number of employees index between the first trimester of 2007 and the fourth trimester of 2009. The maximum is reached at 103% after which a linear decline follows until the fourth trimester of 2009, with a minimum value of 92.3%. Figure no.2 The evolution of the average number of employees index between 2007 and 2009 Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Study On The Average Number Of Employees Index Finance Essay" essay for you Create order The correlation analysis between the average number of employees index and the GDP index The independent variable is the average number of employees index which is defined as X and the dependent variable is the GDP denominated as Y. The data to be used in the econometric study are presented in the table below. Table no.4 The average number of employees index and the GDP index between 2007 and 2009 Period I 2007 II 2007 III 2007 IV 2007 I 2008 II 2008 III 2008 IV 2008 I 2009 II 2009 III 2009 IV 2009 The average number of employees index (%) 102.3 102.8 102.9 103 102.3 102 101.8 101.1 99.7 96.5 94 92.3 GDP index (%) 106.1 106 105.9 106.8 108.5 109.6 109.4 103.1 93.8 91.3 92.9 93.5 By studying the figure no 3, it can initially be seen that the relationship between the two variables is linear. This hypothesis will be demonstrated subsequently through econometric methods. The linear regression equation is: (1) Figure no.3 The graphical represen tation of the relationship between the average number of employees index and the GDP index In order to determine the adjustment model parameters, and b, the below normal equations system will be solved through the Kramer method: (2) By analyzing the data from Table no.4 with Excel, submenu Data Analysis, the blow information was obtained: Table no.5 The index value synthesis The adjustment model parameters Correlation ratio Coefficient of determination Fcomputed Ftheory a -63.00394912 0.857644833 0.735554659 27.814998 0.000360739 b 1.651492787 By analyzing the data from the above table it is seen that the correlation ratio is R=0.857644833 that shows that between the average number of employees index and the GDP index there is a direct, strong intensity relationship. The coefficient of determination R2=0.735554659 points out that the independent variable influences the dependent variable in a percentage of 73.55%, which means tha t the average number of employees index variation influences 73.55% of the GDP index variation.The validity testing of the unifactorial linear regression model will be done by using the dispersion analysis also known as ANOVA method. By analyzing the data in from the table no 6 it is noticed that: The regression variance is . The residual variance is . The total variance is . Table no.6 ANOVA table  df SS MS F Significance F Regression 1 414.2122822 414.212282 27.814998 0.000360739 Residual 10 148.9168845 14.8916884   Total 11 563.1291667    This is a simple relationship as there is only one independent variable: k=1. The number of analyzed pairs is n=12.Therefore we can compute the corrected dispersions: (3) (3) (4) (5) Th next step of econometric analysis is testing the validity of the linear model by applying the Fisher-Snedecor test (F Test). The hypotheses used to verify the validity of the linear model are: H0: the linear model is not valid. H1: the linear model is valid. By using the data from the previous table it can be seen that the computed value of the F test is Fcomputed=27.814998. The theoretical value of the F test is Ftheory=0.000360739, which is smaller than 0.05, therefore the H0 hypothesis is rejected and the H1 hypothesis is accepted, which means that the linear model is valid. The hypotheses for testing the correlation ratio are: H0: R=0 (R is not significantly different from zero, so R is not statistically significant) H1: RÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ °Ãƒâ€šÃ‚  0 (R is sign ificantly different from zero, so R is statistically significant). The Fisher-Snedecor test will be applied. The computed test statistic is: (6) . The theoretical value of the F test at the significance level ÃÆ'Ã… ½Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ±=0.05 is Ftable=4.96. Because FcFtable = the H0 hypothesis is rejected and the H1 hypothesis is accepted. This proves that the correlation ratio is statistically significant. In order to test the regression model variables, the following table will be used. The table was obtained with the Excel program, submenu Data Analysis: Table no.7 The variables value synthesis Coefficients t Stat P-value Lower 95% Upper 95% a= -63.00394910 -2.0095694 0.07222653 -132.8604781 6.852579882 b=1.651492787 5.27399259 0.00036074 0.953775609 2.349209965 The hypotheses for testing the a variable validity are: H0: a=0 (variable a is significantly equal to zero, so a is not statistically significant) H1: a0 (variable a is significantly lower than zero, so a is statistically significant). Because n=12 studied data, n30 we have a small volume sample, and a0, therefore the unilateral left t test will be applied. At a significance level ÃÆ'Ã… ½Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ±=0.05 , the computed value is tc= -2.0095694 and the theoretical value is t= -0.07222653 which is smaller than -0.05 which means that the H0 hypothesis is rejected and the H1 hypothesis is accepted. This proves that the a variable is statistically significant. The confidence interval is : -132.8604781 a 6.852579882. The hypotheses for testing the b variable are: H0: b=0 (variable b is significantly equal to zero, so b is n ot statistically significant) H1: b0 (variable b is significantly higher than zero, so b is statistically significant). Because n=12 studied data, n30 we have a small volume sample, and b0, therefore the unilateral right t test will be applied. At a significance level ÃÆ'Ã… ½Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ±=0.05 , the computed value is tc= 5.27399259 and the theoretical value is t= 0.00036074 which is smaller than 0.05 which means that the H0 hypothesis is rejected and the H1 hypothesis is accepted. This proves that the b variable is statistically significant. The confidence interval is : 0.953775609 b 2.349209965. 3. Conclusions Only after following the necessary steps: testing the model validity by using the ANOVA method, testing the significance of the linear regression models variables and establishing the confidence intervals, determining and testing the correlation ratio, the choice and usage of the unifactorial linear regression model is completely proven. By using statisctical and econometrical methods, it was confirmed that there is a very strong linear relationship between the average number of employees index and the GDP index. Therefore, by knowing the value of the average number of employees index at a certain point in time, the GDP index can be predicted.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Propaganda Is A Form Of Communication - 1345 Words

Introduction Often times when people hear the term â€Å"Propaganda† they think of it as a negative communication tool due to its history. What is propaganda exactly? Propaganda is a form of communication, which may or may not be accurate. It is used to spread information and ideas for the improvement or destruction of a cause. It is also a form of persuasion that alters one’s power to form their own emotions, attitudes, opinions, and actions. We have seen and heard propaganda a million times throughout our lives. Mass media has played a significant role as a distributor of propaganda. Particularly in primetime television. Scandal, one of ABC Network’s most controversial programs on air to date, has pushed some of its viewer’s buttons during its winter finale. During its winter finale, which aired on November 19th, 2015, the producers decided to focus on abortion politics. The entire episode was basically a free publicity for Planned Parenthood (PP), which at the time was fighting with Congress over funding. The audience witnessed the former First Lady and current Senator of Virginia, Mellie Grant, perform a filibuster. A filibuster is â€Å"a delaying tactic used in the United States Senate to block a bill, amendment, resolution, or other measure being considered by preventing it from coming to final vote on passage† (Longley, 2016). Her stand was to keep Planned Parenthood funding in the mandatory budget rather than having it being placed in the discretionary budget. In otherShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Forms of Propaganda Used by the State in Nazi Germany973 Words   |  4 PagesThe Forms of Propaganda Used by the State in Nazi Germany One of the purposes of dictatorship was to give the Nazis control of peoples lives. The more control they had, the more easily they could put their aims into effect. The job of controlling people thus became one of the main tasks of the Nazi state. Party propaganda was evident throughout German society and served as a means by which the state could effectively reach every German and summon absolute loyalty toRead MoreThe And Criticisms Of Laswell s Work Essay1158 Words   |  5 Pagescontents -Introduction -Theories of his works - Case Study -Praises and Criticisms of Laswell’s Work - Other areas where Harold Laswell was also known -Reference HAROLD DWIGHT LASWELL He ls an American political scientist and a Communications Theorist who was popular for his extensive research in the areas of Politics. He was also a leader in the applications of Psychology principles to Politics and also in designing a structure of Politics which is based on theories of Natural SciencesRead MoreGreat Communication Secrets Of Great Leaders1263 Words   |  6 Pages1) In â€Å"Great Communication Secrets of Great Leaders† John Baldoni identifies ways in which communication defines leadership. Communications defines leadership by developing and reinforcing the bond of trust, affirming the organizational vision, facilitating a two-way flow or information, creating the impetus for organization effectiveness, and driving results. All of these traits of communication are important for a leader to convey. They allow him or her to inform people, involve everyoneRead MoreThe Works Of Anonymous Street Artist1557 Words   |  7 PagesThis paper will explore a f orm of modern day propaganda which is quite controversial, that of the works of anonymous street artist by the name of Banksy. Banksy uses the sides of buildings, streets and bridges as a blank canvas as a social commentary against political issues. Chapter 1 will argue how Banksy’s street art is a form of visual culture and propaganda by defining propaganda and comparing his works to previous examples of visual manipulation in history, such as pro war posters during WorldRead MoreHow Important It Is Setting The Stage Of Propaganda With Design881 Words   |  4 Pagessetting the stage in Propaganda with Design: Environmental Dramaturgy in the Political Rally. â€Å"The design coordinators of staged events are involved in the art of impression management. Their objective is the visual and auditory control of desired impressions. Coordinators are oriented toward increasing participation without the propagandees knowing the intended objective, and the propagandists maneuver th eir instruments to secure desired actions (Mayo 26). Another form of propaganda was Hitler’s speechesRead MorePropaganda and its Use in Society: Is it Fair? Essay978 Words   |  4 Pages Propaganda consists of the planned use of any form of public or mass-produced communication designed to affect the minds and emotions of a given group for a specific purpose, whether military, economic, or political (Levinson). Propaganda is used to gain the support of its viewers on an issue by either false or misleading information. In every war, from the First World War to the present day in Iraq, military propaganda has been used intensely. Military propaganda is the most effective typeRead MoreHistory and the Novel 1984848 Words   |  4 Pagesof propaganda. With telescreens in everyones homes, it is very easy to broadcast the views and beliefs of The Party. Forms of propaganda include posters and slogans. In this society it is impossible to go anywhere without seeing a poster of Big Brother, reading slogans such as BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU and War is PeaceÂ…Freedom is SlaveryÂ…Ignorance is Strength. Communication among the citizens of Oceania is also another aspect controlled by the Inner Party. A form of communication calledRead MoreNegative Propaganda Essay1421 Words   |  6 PagesPropaganda is a form of communication, a way to influence on the attitude of a community toward some position or cause. The propaganda in its origins was neutral; nevertheless, it had been used to manipulate. For this reason, the propaganda also can be defined as information that is deliberately expressed in order to harm or hurt a person. The deliberate spreading of such information lead to persuasion, persuading to do things that are not the regular scheme of a person which may result affectedRead MorePropaganda and Persuasion Casted in the Media1216 Words   |  5 Pages Propaganda is performed through print, audio, and visual mass media. It is used for the promotion of the public’s activities in their life such as purchasing goods through market propaganda, and it is also found in politics, foreign affairs, and in many other fields. Most importantly propaganda is depicted in the informercialization of the news, which is connected with subliminal advertising and commercialization of public events and individual promotion such in communication websites. However,Read More history and the novel 1984 Essay examples840 Words   |  4 Pagesbarrage of propaganda. With telescreens in everyone’s homes, it is very easy to broadcast the views and beliefs of The Party. Forms of propaganda include posters and slogans. In this society it is impossible to go anywhere without seeing a poster of Big Brother, reading slogans such as â€Å"BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU† and â€Å"War is Peace†¦Freedom is Slavery†¦Ignorance is Strength.â €  Communication among the citizens of Oceania is also another aspect controlled by the Inner Party. A form of communication called

Friday, December 13, 2019

Understanding the Lord’s Prayer Free Essays

Understanding the Lord’s Prayer â€Å"Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. We will write a custom essay sample on Understanding the Lord’s Prayer or any similar topic only for you Order Now Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from the evil one† (Matthew 6:9-13). Most people, religious or not, are familiar with this prayer. Some call it a prayer, some call it a chant, and some call it a meaningless set of words. No matter what the opinion is regarding the prayer, breaking it down can be thought provoking and difficult to fully understand. On the surface it is very simple, but below the surface the words have very deep theological implications. According to the New International Version Bible, Jesus said in Matthew 6:9, â€Å"This, then, is how you should pray. † However, a problem arises out of this interpretation. The actual Greek to English translation is â€Å"Make your prayers go like this. † In other words, the prayer is actually a template of how prayers should go (Rhodes). Often, the prayer is mistaken for something that should be recited word for word. It is not wrong to recite the prayer verbatim, however, God did not intend for people to recite the words as a meaningless ritual. Praying using Jesus’ template shows the following way to form prayers: To acknowledge who God is, to pray for his work to be done on earth, to ask for what is needed, to ask for forgiveness, and lastly, to ask for a way to deal with temptation and opposition (Rhodes). The words â€Å"Our Father,† in Matthew 6:9 are two of the most powerful words in the prayer. The definition of the word â€Å"Our† is: â€Å"Belonging to or associated with more than one person† (www. oogle. com). The body of Christ is a group of believers that are brothers and sisters in Christ. The first word â€Å"Our† suggests being a part of this body of Christ (Ruffin). The second word â€Å"Father† is the one whom is being addressed. A prayer should always start by recognizing that the Lord our God is the one being prayed to, but God also wan ts to be approached as a child approaches their loving father (Pastor Mike) because God desires intimacy (AllDeaf. com). God wants to be addressed as â€Å"Father† out of love and humility (Pastor Mike). The child needs to recognize their position as so, and God’s position as Father. â€Å"Hallowed be your name† (Matthew 6:9). This portion is acknowledging God’s worthiness and greatness (Ruffin) because â€Å"Hallowed† literally means: â€Å"To make holy† or â€Å"To demonstrate as holy. † When praying the words â€Å"Hallowed be your name,† it is praising His holy and worthy name. God is not a buddy or friend whom should be carelessly addressed, but neither is He distant (Pastor Mike). This concept is loosely related to why God is addressed as Father. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven† (Matthew 6:10). This section of the template is praying for God’s work on earth (Rhodes). The word’s â€Å"Your kingdom come,† is praying for the Lord’s guidance (Ruffin) on behalf of God’s kingdom (AllDeaf. com) to do everything unto the Lord. â€Å"Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven,† is declaring that God is really in charge of everything. The word â€Å"Will† means the same as â€Å"Desire,† so praying for God’s will to be done is also praying for all the God desires to be done (Pastor Mike). These words are also asking the Lord to take over so that His children can operate by His answers and not their own because the key words is â€Å"Your will be done,† not â€Å"Our will be done† (Ruffin). â€Å"Give us today our daily bread† (Matthew 6:11). These words are asking for God to provide what is needed in order to sustain spiritual and daily needs (Ruffin). God may not give everything that is wanted, but he gives everything that is truly needed because God cares for His children. This line also points back to when God was leading His people out of Egypt and every morning He gave them enough manna to last through the day. God did not give them more than one day’s worth of manna, however, so that they would continue to rely on Him to provide (Pastor Mike). That is why the prayer is not, â€Å"Give us this week our weekly bread. † The prayer is â€Å"Give us today our daily bread,† so that God is continually relied on to provide. â€Å"And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors† (Matthew 6:12). Forgiveness is surrender (AllDeaf. com); God does not want His children to carry their own weight. That is why He created prayer. God created His children in His image, so as a forgiving God, His children must also be forgiving. In doing so, it shows love to one another and Christ. On the surface, it cannot get more straight forward than asking God to forgive sins, but below the surface something that is not so straight forward is the concept of fairness. Nowhere else in the bible does God talk about fairness. Looking at the verse the words, â€Å"Forgive us our debts,† is not the only thing that is said. It is phrased as a condition. It says, â€Å"Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. † Meaning God will forgive the sins of His children, if His children forgive each other. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one† (Matthew 6:13). This is the section of the template asking for a way to deal with temptation and opposition (Rhodes). This is asking the Lord to carry away the evil, and anything that represents evil. God wants His children to pray this, so they won’t succumb to the evil temptations of the world. Some people believe as thoug h sin is the cause of the fall, but really sin is just the victim of temptation. Temptation is the true culprit, because that is what leads God’s children into sin. â€Å"Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from the evil one† (Matthew 6:9-13). Some call it a prayer, some call it a chant, and some call it a meaningless set of words. Most people, religious or not, are familiar with this prayer, but the body of Christ lives and breathes this prayer. Repeat it and it becomes a meaningless ritual (Rhodes), pray the words and it becomes the foundation to the relationship shared with Christ. How to cite Understanding the Lord’s Prayer, Essay examples

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Movie Summary Pay it Forward Essay Example For Students

Movie Summary Pay it Forward Essay The Pay it Forward really inspired the kindness for me. It gave me some emotions, love, desperation, hope, anger, fear and happiness. It showed me altruism and generosity and I can see goodness inside people. When I saw Trevor invites a homeless man called Jerry to eat, shower, and sleep at his house, and Jerry talk to Arlene about how that action change Jerry’s mind make me know how the Pay it forward work. I know that some act seems small with us but it can change other person life, we dont need a lot of money or power to change the world. All we need to do is change the lives of a few people and inspire them to do the same. But I don’t think idea P. I. F could really become a global movement, It needs a lot of trust from people who are helped. I think almost people usually think about what they could receive back. In real life, in a scientific study, people usually feel thankful and want to return the favor (PIF is one) most in short time after they are received from other. It is descending by time so it difficult to become a global movement. One thing in real life, people often suspect when they receive a big favor without reward (like reporter in movie). I think almost people usually think about what they could receive back. It really happened in me. I often helped other people even I don’t know or we aren’t close because I think I could get returning a favor, paid back or good relationship or I was in a same conjuncture and I was receive help from other people (maybe wasn’t and at that time I had hoped a person who I know or not help me). After this movie, I got a project about pay it forward. Although it seems a work which I must do, I still tried to think about a big kind act or a help form stranger (me). I had had some ideas to do it like help my teacher clean his room or help a sweeper clean but they failed. It was my first try to do a pay it forward act, like Trevor I was so disappointed. But Trevor was success after that so I also tried to find some other ideas. I add friend with a lot of student in school even I don’t know who they are to. When one of them in their birth day, it appear in my notification. I had an idea is send him a gift with the PIF. I thought I could skip it so I attached a small paper â€Å"happy birthday† and his name on it in to the gift. I put the gift in the ground in front of his door, knocked the door and got out so he didn’t know who give him this gift. I was so excited and happy when I saw he was smiling by the time he opened that gift even though that act is feasible. I saw a thing that when we make people are happy also make we are happy. It inspire to me to do the second Pay it forward act. One time, in Sunday night, I saw my house parent was taking garbage from ground and putting it into plastic bag, garbage was huge and so smelly. Student thrown garbage only in Sunday night, two big bin was full so student put their trash in the ground. Houseparent must clean it. Although we don’t like each other because I had been late to check-in a lot in the past and he often go to my room to makes me clean my room when I doing homework or playing game, but I still went to and said I let me help him. .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .postImageUrl , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:hover , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:visited , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:active { border:0!important; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:active , .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747 .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufa26b6681f0ec8895a0e30249baaf747:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Movie Summary - American Sniper EssayWe cleaned the trash together and I sent him the paper. He took a look into me for a second, and said thank you a lot. I felt so high. About 5’C, I went to buy gift and help my houseparent put garbage in to bag, it’s my competence. I went to ask people to let me help is my confidence and connection. I give stranger a gift in his birthday and know how hard to pick garbage in the bag with only one person and I helped him, it’s caring. I tried to do my other PIF act even I failed before, I’m a person of character

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Bullying a Social Issue That the School System Ignores Essay Example

Bullying: a Social Issue That the School System Ignores Essay Running Head: BULLYING Bullying: A Social Issue That the School System Ignores â€Å"Never be bullied into silence. Never allow yourself to be made a victim. Accept no ones definition of your life, but define yourself†. – Harvey S. Firestone The Issue Strong, influential and cruel are just some of the words that come to mind when you hear the word bully. In American culture, bullying among children and teenagers has often been dismissed as a normal part of growing up. Little attention has been paid to the devastating effects of bullying, or to the connection between bullying and other forms of violence. Bullying in the American educational system is a significant social issue that it is steadily increasing. Many experts fear bullying has become so widespread and common; the general public is blinded to its destructive and sometimes deadly nature. According to the ‘Facts about Bullying’, â€Å"†¦one in seven students is either a bully or victim. About 56% of students have personally witnessed some type of bullying at school, 15% of all school absenteeism is directly related to fears of being bullied at school, 71% of students report incidents of bullying as a problem at their school. One out of 20 students has seen a student with a gun at school† (Borba, 1999). Bullying can be linked to several violent acts that have occurred in many schools across the country. Bullying is also being blamed for violent acts in institutions of higher learning i. e. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech). Bullying includes a wide variety of behaviors, but all involve a person or a group repeatedly trying to harm someone who is perceived to be weaker or more vulnerable. It can involve direct attacks (physical harm, intimidation, theft etc. or more subtle, indirect attacks (such as spreading rumors or encouraging others to reject or exclude someone) (SafeYouth, n. d. ). The newest form of harassment being used on today’s youth comes in the form of text messaging, emails and blogs; cyber-bullying has expanded bullying to a 24/7 problem that is rapidly getting out of hand. According to the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, †Å"†¦children who are bullied experience real suffering that can interfere with their social and emotional development, as well as heir school performance. Some victims of bullying have even attempted suicide rather than continue to endure such harassment and punishment† (AACAP, 2008). Many solutions have been offered to curb the violent acts that bullying can bring but the most simply solution comes in the form of speaking up and speaking out. Most bullying is dismissed because many children do not express their torment until it is too late or for many they never express it. Nature of the Problem We will write a custom essay sample on Bullying: a Social Issue That the School System Ignores specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Bullying: a Social Issue That the School System Ignores specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Bullying: a Social Issue That the School System Ignores specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Bullying is the most common form of violence in our society; between 15% and 30% of students are bullies or victims. Between 1994 and 1999, there were 253 violent deaths in school, 51 casualties were the result of multiple death events (Canter Cohn, 2003). Bullying is often a factor in school related deaths. Direct, physical bullying increases in elementary school, peaks in middle school and declines in high school. Verbal abuse, on the other hand, remains constant (Canter Cohn, 2003). Over two-thirds of students believe that schools respond poorly to bullying, with a high percentage of students believing that adult help is infrequent and ineffective; 25% of teachers see nothing wrong with bullying or putdowns and consequently intervene in only 4% of bullying incidents (Canter Cohn, 2003). Most victims are targeted due to physical or perceived differences than the social norm acknowledges, i. e. sexual orientation, ethnicity, social or economic status, mental or physical disabilities or even degrees of perceived attractiveness (tall, short, fat, skinny etc). Many school shooting and child suicide cases have been directly related to some form of bullying. The most notable case of the school shooting link to bullying is the Columbine High School case that left 12 students and one teacher dead and 23 others injured. Even more devastating than that is that many youth who are the victims of bullying have taken there own lives, children as young as seven have committed suicide because of constant bullying. Politically anti-bullying policies have been adapted by different local legislation but no national laws have been passed that would hold people suspected of bullying to any jail time. Currently bullying is only held as a form of harassment in many state courts, this is only enforced through documented harassment not hearsay. To fully address the problems that result from the emotional and sometimes physical obstacles faced by victims the schools must encourage children to report incidents of bullying and ensure students believe they will be helped. Censorship as it relates to what can and can not be entered on websites should be strictly enforced. Accountability on behalf of school officials that notice victims and perpetrators should also be strictly enforced. Educational institutions are perfect conduits for change because they have a captive audience to teach the basic human values of respect for self and others. Claims A very persuasive claim can be made to the media that involves the children themselves who have been bullied or were once a bully to share their stories. Showing family pictures of the children that have committed suicide to escape the torment that bullying brings coupled with interviews from parents, school officials and friends of the deceased would insight reactions from the general public. Allowing people who are now adults to tell their stories of being either a bully or victim in childhood and the result that those events had on the decisions they made later in life is also a compelling argument. Loseke uses typifications to further frame claims, â€Å"†¦the only feeling we can have about events we do not personally experience and people we do not know are typifications. Without these pictures in our head we could not be able to understand anything other than our extremely limited personal experience†¦without these images we could not know how to react to the countless others in the world of strangers we encounter daily† (p. 8). These visual representations will place a face on the problem and force the public to acknowledge the problem. Comparing and contrasting the problem of bullying with the statistics as well as the aftermath (school shootings, suicide etc) that can result if this problem is not changed would cause attitudes about bullying to ch ange in those who watch or listen to the stories. Loseke identifies a social problem as an evaluation of wrongdoing that is widespread and changeable. He also states that the wrongdoing should and can be changed (Loseke, 2003). School districts have the power to change wrongdoing that bullying brings into the educational environment and to encourage changing the attitudes associated with it. School shooting must be changed! Childhood suicide must be changed! Violence against children must be changed! It can and is worth changing. In Royersford, PA the students of Spring-Ford Intermediate School host a pep rally called Bully-Free is the Way to Be. Students gather on Sept. 5 at the beginning of each school year to demonstrate students, parent and school officials commitment to bullying prevention (Spring-Ford Area School District, 2008). Audience, Strategies and Piggybacking – Solutions School administrators are charged with ensuring the educational environment is safe. Students have the right to attend school without being in fear of bullies. Recently, school districts have adjusted their focus on implementing bullying prevention measure within the public schools (Herman and Seem, 2004). Despite the emphasis the occurrences of bullying in the schools has not decreased. According to the first national survey on school bullying, 74 percent of eight to eleven year old students indicated that bullying occurred in their schools (Nansel et al. 001). The targeted audience consists of the general public as well as politicians, policymakers and those within the educational system. Engaging the entire system that children rely on is the goal of the targets. Making the problem of bullying a national issue will increase response to it and change attitudes toward it. Appealing to the audience’s empathy and compassi on toward victims and their families is a key strategy in motivating the audience to react. Every person can put themselves in these children’s shoes; each person can empathize with either the victim or the perpetrator. Eliminating fear and dread in schools while establishing a foundation for achievement for children is a goal of every American citizen. This is a human rights issue that each person can relate to. Advocates against bullying have developed prevention programs to reduce bullying in schools. Raising awareness about bullying, increasing teacher and parent involvement and supervision, forming clear rules and strong social norms against bullying, and providing support and protection for all students does lower the incidents of bullying in schools (SafeYouth, n. d. ). Piggybacking on issues that deal with equality, fairness and safety avenues that are related to children increases the likelihood that the issue will not get ignore by the educational system. Framing the Issue The issue of bullying must be framed as an American societal issue. The fabric of society is based on the children we produce. The social and emotional development of each child is the responsibility of the entire society. When children are harassed, teased, degraded and humiliated over time certain physiological effects from childhood resurface in adulthood. Children who are bullied are more likely to develop social problems such as unfulfilled relationships or lack of forming successful relationships and also emotional problems such as depression, attachment issues or poor self image issues. Many people can relate to the problems that are lasting that come with being a victim. Children who bully others have a tendency to engage in more criminal activity as well as be in domestic abuse related activities. Both victims and perpetrators are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol as well (American Medical Association, 2002). Producing socially and emotionally disabled adults is something society can not handle. Students who are exposed to bullying academically do not do as well as those who were not exposed. With the economy being the way that it is we as a nation can not afford to have children who are academically and developmentally dysfunctional. Spokespeople Appealing to the audience’s empathy and compassion toward victims and their families is a key strategy in motivating the audience to react. There are many stories about bullies this one comes from the mother of a victim: Brandon Smartwood 2/21/82 – 12/16/00 I have tried to write this message for three days and have not been able to complete it maybe today. I have a lot to say and this is a very painful and emotional subject for me. While my heart goes out to the victims of these school shootingsmy life has been devastated by a different type of crime that is happening in our schools. Although rarely labeled as such, Bullying is a crime. These victims are isolated and usually suffer in silence. The media doesnt broadcast the injuries or deaths of these silenced victims. Our Great Nation doesnt share in their pain or extend sympathies to the survivors. Communities arent outraged by these senseless, (and equally) devastating crimes being committed in our schools. The only outrage in our nation, in our communities, is when the psychiatric injuries caused by Bullying are externalized, and we have another school shooting. Brandon developed PTSD, (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), and Depression, after being harassed, tormented, isolated and brutally beaten in our public school system. When we took out a protective order against one of the Bullies, he, the bully, decided to send a friend into the principals office to claim that Brandon had made a bomb threat. It was absurd, along with the way that the school handled the allegation. The damage done to Brandon over this incident alone was beyond measure victimize the victim. On 12/16/00 Brandon put a loaded gun to his head, pulled the trigger and ended his pain. As tragic as this death is, the greater tragedy is if society doesnt stop to look at the reasons, and pause for a moment to see all the victims. - Cathy Smartwood If school officials, parents of the ‘bully’ and even Ms. Smartwood knew and understood the severity of the issue, Brandon might still be alive today. Brandon’s mother is not the only spokesperson needed adults who were bullies or were victims also need to speak out about their childhood and adulthood difficulties. Teenagers who were bullies or were victims also need to speak out. Children and teenagers that attempted or know of someone who committed suicide based off bullying should also speak out. Speaking at schools, raising awareness at PTA and school faculty meeting, facilitating community and school workshops are all places that the spokesperson(s) would be involved in. Political events, marching on Washington are all places were the spokesperson(s) should push for change. Counterclaims Even though is seems absurd to think, many people even after all of this do not see a problem with being bullied or being a bully. The spokesperson(s) would have to be prepared to deliver the devastation that comes with being a victim or a family survivor. Many Americans see bullying as a rite of passage ‘something we all have to go through’, not as a serious psychological problem that should be punishable by law. Attitudes towards bully’s and their victims shows that the general public embraces the difficulties that bullying brings but dismisses any solutions that may be offered due in part to the characteristics that can come out of being a victim that overcomes the situation such as confidence, determination and tenacity. Many Hollywood movies project the victim overcoming at the end and standing up to their bullies (The Karate Kid, The Bully, Mean Girls etc. ). The general public admonishes children of bullies to do the same. The media portrays bullies as the general public views it ‘a part of life’. The general public along with policymakers and educational officials feel that creating anti-bullying policies will curb violence. Many counterclaim that victimization of bullies is covered under the Human Rights Act of 1998. Bullying is mention but enforcement is still left in the hands of school administration. There is no national law that covers bullying in school. There are a lot of opponents to the anti- bullying policies that are enforced in many schools today. These policies are not explained in depth to students, parents or some teachers. Many teachers are aware but do not enforce the policies unless victims speak out. Typifications The idea of an innocent child who is harassed into a psychologically damaging way of thinking completely undermines the idea of normal child development. To know that this abuse goes unchecked everyday in every school around the nation is the greatest injustice to the social and emotional wellbeing of children in this country. The media should frame the child in the most innocent light imaginable. The audience should know that this is not a normal part of life and that society will suffer if this continues to go unchecked. Conclusion Children need protection from things that would harm them. Bullying harms children and causes great stress on the educational system as well as the family unit. Children are our countries most precious commodity their welfare must be maintained. The school system must endeavor to use spokesmen that are working for change. Awareness and action with regard to encouraging the attitudes of law and policy makers to change is something the media can do. It is clear that this issue is wrong, changeable and should be changed; the idea that children as young as seven are being exposed to bullying is heartbreaking. The culture of America dictates that children are innocent, vulnerable and must be protected; when children are exposed to bullying that is ignored by school official, dismissed by parents and never mentioned on television-this is society’s way of ignoring those cultural ideals. Ignorance can only be changed if enlightenment begins. The media can be used to enlighten and change attitude as well as motivate people into action. Ignoring the problem doesn’t make it go away it just means you don’t care to acknowledge it. References American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry (2008) Bullying. Retrieved from http://www. acap. org/cs/root/facts_for_families/bullying American Medical Association (2002) Bullying Behaviors Among Children and Adolescents. Retrieved from http://www. ama-assn. org/ama/pub/category/14312. html Borba, M. (1999) Facts About Bullying. Adapted from Parents Do Make A Difference: How to Raise Kids with Solid Character, Strong Minds, and Caring Hearts. Jossey-Bass Publishers. Retrieved from http://www. parentingbookmark. com/pages/MB04. htm Canter, A. Cohn, A. (2003) Bullying: Facts for Schools and Parents. National Association of School Psychologists, 4340 East West Highway, Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Retrieved from http://www. nasponline. org/resources/factsheets/bullying_fs. aspx Loseke, D. (2003)